About the disease
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans,
several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more
severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory
Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap
- Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
- Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering
your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the
used tissue immediately.
- Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical
attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
- Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is
spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older
person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.